Kenya is one of the countries located in South Africa, Nairobi been the capital and largest city while the Coastal city of Mombasa is the oldest and first capital city of the country. The country is bordered to the south and south-west by Tanzania, Uganda bounds it to the west, bounded by South Sudan to the north-west, and Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya spans across the area of 581,309 kmsquare (224,445 sq. mi) and has a population of over 48 million.

Kenya Prisons Ranks 2020 And Structure

The Kenya Prisons Service is under the Department of the Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government. Its function is to ensure the safety and security of the public through the provision of safe custody of all persons who have been lawfully committed or sentenced to prison facilities, also, to foster the rehabilitation of custodial sentenced offenders (prisoners) for community reintegration.

As it has been noted that the grade or level of staff is in two parts, the senior staff and the junior staff. Below is the rank of the staffs of Kenya Prison Service, listed from lowest rank to the highest attained rank.

  •    Constable of Prisons-PG
  •    Corporal of Prisons-PG
  •    Sergeant of Prisons-PG
  •    Senior Sergeant of Prisons-PG
  •    Inspector of Prisons-PG
  •    Chief Inspector of Prisons- PG
  •    Superintendent of Prisons-PG
  •    Senior Superintendent of Prisons-PG
  •    Assistant Commissioner of Prisons-PG
  •    Senior Assistant Commissioner of Prisons-PG
  •    Deputy Commissioner of Prisons-PG
  •    Senior Deputy Commissioner of Prisons-PG
  •    Assistant Commissioner General of Prisons-PG
  •    Deputy Commissioner General of Prisons-PG
  •    Commissioner General of Prisons-PG 15

Still On Kenya Prisons Ranks And Structure

Kenya prison wardens typically earn higher than the average worker in the United States, and justifiably so. The job description of a prison warder is tasking and demanding, reason been that a prison wardens’ life is daily in danger, due to gang rivalries within the prison, the use of contraband items, and violence among the inmates in the workplace. Fresh graduate or Entry-level salaries and earning potential is considerably different, reasons been that according to experience, education, type of facility, and the size of the institution is considered.

It is noteworthy to have foreknowledge and adequately informed about the Kenya Prison Service. The Ranks of Kenya Prisons Service is listed below with respect to their order as well as the salary scale and allowances they earn. Kenya Prisons ranking structure comprises or is subdivided into two levels, which are, the Senior Officers and Junior officers.

Kenya Prison Salary Scale

The salary structure of every organization is one of the attractions that motivate and draw the interest of people to apply and be recruited. I know after glancing through their ranks, you’ll be interested to know how much Kenya Prisons Workers earn per month. Below is the salary structure of the Kenya Prisons Service. Excluding allowances, Kenya prisons’ salaries are.

  •    Constable of Prisons               –           Sh20,987
  •    Corporal of Prisons                 –           Sh28,671
  •    Sergeant of Prisons                 –          Sh31,737
  •    Senior Sergeant of Prisons.    –           Sh33,903.
  •    Commissioner of Prisons earns          Sh141,000- Sh127,000

Kenya Prisons Allowances

In addition to the mouthwatering salary is the allowances or additional payment that Kenya Prisons Employees earn is according to their rank and this allowance includes risk allowances.

Kenya Prisons Cadets Salary

Kenya Prison cadet earns entry basic salary of at least Ksh 30000 but It depends on the area of specialization.

The Vision Of The Kenya Prison Service

Our vision is a correctional service of excellence in Africa and beyond

The Mission Of Kenya Prison Service

The Mission of Kenya Prison Service is to contain offenders’ inhumane safe conditions in order to facilitate responsive administration of Justice, Rehabilitation, Social Integration, and Community Protection.

Core Values

The Major and paramount function of Kenya Prison Service includes Integrity, Universal Justice, Credibility, Leadership by example, Meritocracy, Teamwork, Loyalty, and discipline.


The Kenya Prisons Service is mandated by the provision of Caps 90 and 92 (Prisons and Borstal Acts), Laws of Kenya, to carry out the following activities:-

  •    The containment and keeping of offenders in safe custody.
  •    The Reformation and Rehabilitation of offenders through counseling, training, Educational and Professional       Programmes.
  •    To foster the administration of justice by producing ensuring offenders are taken to Courts.
  •    To ensure the control and training of youthful offenders in Borstal and YCTC Institutions.
  •    Recruitment and Training of Prisons Manpower requirements.

Core Functions

  •    Keeping prisoners or legally convicted persons placed under their care in safe custody.
  •    They also ensure prisoner’s rehabilitation and reformation for social re-integration
  •    Facilitation of Administration of Justice.
  •    Containing and Rehabilitation of young offenders in Borstal Institutions and Youth Corrective Training Centre.
  •    To care for children that are age 4 or and below accompanying their mothers to prison.

In April 1902, the prison system was introduced by the British East Africa protectorate in Kenya with the establishment of East Africa Prison Regulations. During Kenya’s Independence, the enactment of chapters 90 and 92 to constitute the Kenya Prisons, and Act (Cap 90) has since been amended, the last being 1977 has strengthened the Penal system reforms. The Borstal Act (cap 92) has also been amended, the last time it was amended was 1967.

The Kenya Prisons Service is under the Department of the Ministry of Interior as well as under the Coordination of National Government. It ensures the safety and security of the public by guaranteeing there is safe custody of all persons who have been lawfully sentenced and committed to prison facilities, as well as to foster the rehabilitation of custodial sentenced offenders (prisoners) for community reintegration.

Kenya Prison service is an important component of the Criminal Justice System which has been saddled with the greatest impact on people’s liberties and freedom, especially to those who are in conflict or do not adhere to the laws of the nation.

The Service was declared autonomous in 1911 and ever since then, it has gradually grown to a Department comprising of about One hundred and eighteen institutions, out of which ninety-four are for adult offenders whilst three (2 Borstal and 1 YCTC) are mainly for youthful (young adults) offenders. The Prison Service is saddled with the responsibility to exercise the mandate as provided in Chapters 90 & 92, (Prisons and Borstal Acts), Laws of Kenya.

The current population of prisoners’ in Kenya prisons stands at 54,000 of whom 48% are detainees on pre-trial whilst the remaining prisoners have been sentenced. Currently, the staff strength of the Kenyan Prison Service stands at approximately 22,000 comprising of both uniformed officers and auxiliary staff.


Going by the discussion above, the Kenyan prison service seems to be a lucrative service that a young, energetic undergraduate can enroll in and secure a job. The payment as discussed earlier is mouthwatering and even compared to the United States. Importantly, before venturing out to enroll in the Kenya prison service, there is a need to acquire the necessary and needed qualifications as well as skills that will ensure one is taken into the service. Note that there is a high risk attached to this job which also added to the reason why the payment is good.


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