What are the best engineering courses to study in Nigeria 2020?. Engineering courses encompass itself with the knowledge application which is typically in the aspect of mathematics, science and the empirical evidence to the design, innovations, operation, machines, construction, maintenance of structures, devices, materials, processes, system, and the organization. The field of engineering is made up of a vast range of more specialized courses of engineering, with each with its more particular emphasis on a specific scope of applied science, applied mathematics and then the types of application.
Unarguably, engineering courses are among the top best disciples with a diverse employment opportunity when graduated from any higher institution as recorded in the year 2008. Apart from being one of the best disciples, it is also a major science sector which made it to be one of those disciples that its candidate does not need a pass mark in neither in the Literature in English Language in the West Africa Examination Council (WAEC) or Joint Administration And Matriculation Board (JAMB) or any other examination that is taken at “O” Level.
The scope the discipline covers is yet another vital factor to consider. The scope of the course here implies the range of opportunities available for its graduates.
Below are the lists of the best engineering courses to study in Nigeria;
BEST ENGINEERING COURSES TO STUDY IN NIGERIA 2020
- Mechanical Engineering:
Mechanical Engineering is that course in the Engineering field that is mainly applicable to physics, engineering, materials science, mathematics analysis, principles to design, manufacture and maintain any mechanical systems. Mechanical engineering is among the broadest and oldest forms of engineering courses. The activity sectors of Mechanical Engineering are as follows; thermodynamics, applied mechanics, production technology dynamics, heat transfer, and fluids mechanics.
In the 18th century which was the era of the industrial revolution was the period mechanical engineering emerged as a course. Some of the tools utilized by the Mechanical Engineers are; computer-aided manufacturing, computer-aided design, and product life cycle management which are used to analyze and design Industrial machinery and equipment, medical services, aircraft, and others.
- Petroleum Engineering:
Petroleum Engineering is a scope of engineering course that encompasses all the activities that are closely related to the manufacture of hydrocarbons which can be neither be natural gas or crude oil. Petroleum engineering is among the best engineering courses that are inside the field of engineering.
- Computer Engineering:
This is the aspect of engineering courses that put together diverse scopes of electronics engineering and computer science needed to manufacture computer software and hardware. Computer engineers are trained in software design, electronic engineering, and hardware-software integration.
- Electronic Engineering:
Electronics and Communication which is another name for Electronic Engineering is the scope of engineering course that makes use of active electrical components and non-linear components.
- Metallurgical Engineering:
This is the branch of the Engineering sector that studies chemical and physical behavior of any intermetallic compounds, metallic elements together with their metals known as alloys. Metallurgy is utilized to set aside metals from their ore. Ferrous and Non Ferrous metallurgy are the two subdivisions of Metallurgical engineering.
- Civil Engineering:
Civil Engineering is the branch of professional engineering that is concern itself with construction design and the maintenance of the natural and physical environment which includes work such as roads, canals, residences, pipelines, institutional buildings, railways, sewage system, and others.
- Aerospace Engineering:
This branch of engineering course is made up of the development of spacecraft and aircraft. The astronaut’s sector which is part of Aerospace engineering is often described as the “Rocket Science”.
- Electrical Engineering:
This aspect of the engineering course is concerned mainly with the study and the application of electronics, electricity, and electromagnetism. The wide range subfield of electrical engineering are as follows; Digital computers, the signal process of electrical power engineering, control systems, electronics, microelectronics, telecommunication, computer engineering, instrumentation, signal processing, and the frequency engineering. The institution of engineering and Technology (IET) and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) are the two professional bodies of Electrical Engineering.
- Manufacturing Engineering:
This is part of professional engineering that consists of total willingness to plan manufacturing practices, to research and to develop processes, tools, equipment, and machines; and to bring together the facilities and systems for bringing out quality products with the best expenditure of capital.
- Agricultural Engineering:
This is the field of engineering course that studies agricultural processing and production. Agricultural engineering combines the fields of civil engineering, chemical engineering, mechanical engineering and electrical engineering principles with a complete understanding of agricultural principles prior to technological principles. The major objective of this field is to increase the sustainability and efficacy of agricultural practices. The American Society of Agricultural and the Biological engineers are among the best leading organization in this aspect of the engineering field.
Manufacturing Engineering is mainly made up of systems engineering or industrial engineering and it is closely related to mechanical engineering.
- Chemical Engineering:
Chemical Engineering is that branch of the Engineering course that makes use of principles of mathematics, physics, economics, and chemistry to efficient utilization, transforms after production and transport materials, chemicals, living cells, raw materials, energy and microorganisms into useful products and forms. The chemical engineers are also involved in the diverse aspects of plant operation and design which include Hazard safety assessments, control engineers, process analysis and design, operating instructions, chemical reaction engineering, chemical reaction and then construction specification.
- Industrial Engineering:
This is an intercourse profession that is made up of the optimization of vast systems, processor organization just by improving developing and then implementing integrated systems of money, information, people’s, equipment, energy, knowledge, and materials.
Specialized skills and knowledge are put into use by the industrial engineers in the areas of management, physical science, business administration, evaluation of the results gotten from the processes or from the situations for the best coordination of materials, man and machines thereby improve the productivity and quality of systems, social or physical from the results they obtained from the rigorous experimentation.
Industrial engineering has a cordial relationship with production engineering, Operations Research, Human Factors Engineering, ergonomics, management science, safety engineering, management engineering, and others.
- Biomedical Engineering:
Biomedical Engineering otherwise known as medical engineering is all about the application of design concepts and the engineering principles to biology and medicine for healthcare motives. This branch of engineering course called Biomedical Engineering seeks to close up the margin that is between medicine and engineering by just putting together the problem-solving skills and the design of engineering with the medical-biological science in order to improve the healthcare treatment which includes monitoring, diagnosis and then therapy. The management of recent medical tools within the healthcare centers while paying rapt attention to important industry standards is another scope of the Biomedical Engineering.
The current medical equipment that is within hospital involves tools procurements, preventive maintenance, recommendations, routine testing through to its decommissioning and then the disposal.
The function or the role of the biomedical engineer in the hospital is also known as clinical engineering or Biomedical Equipment Technician.
As when compared to other branches of Engineering courses, Biomedical engineering has stood out recently on its own study. The other roles of Biomedical Equipment Technician or clinical engineering are as follows; spanning a massive array of subdivisions and lastly Development and Research. The famous biomedical engineering application is made up of regenerative tissue growth, diverse therapeutic and diagnostic medical devices that have ranged from small implants, pharmaceutical drugs, common imaging equipment, and others.
In Nigeria today, there are diverse courses in the Engineering field which made the students be uncertain on which particular department he or she can go for in order to maximize its potentials.
In order for any student to choose any particular department in the engineering courses to study in Nigeria, there are lots s of factors one needs to consider. As it is well known today that Nigeria has been recording a high rate of unemployment over the years now, so the prospective student has to consider the employment rate the particular discipline has for its graduates; though there are some engineering courses that are an eye-opener for entrepreneurship.
Apart from considering the employable rate, another factor to consider is the salary the discipline can pay, that is to say, the remuneration rate one will earn when employed to give in an area that is closely related to one studied in any tertiary institution.
Most jobs generally in the engineering courses do pay well if when hired by famous companies particularly the oil companies.
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Conclusion On The Best Engineering Courses To Study In Nigeria.
The United States’ growth and development or prosperity are engineered through technological innovation because for years now engineering has been a vital move of this innovation. Scientific principles together with system provisions, practically oriented research and processes which are created by the acquisition of the latest knowledge are been put into place through the integration of engineering courses.
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