5 Major Effects Of Colonialism In Africa – Positives & Negatives

As a matter of fact, one of the things that people keep asking is – What Are The Effects Of Colonialism In Africa? Is there any Impacts Of Colonialism In Africa either positive or negative, the answer to this question is clear, as it takes only people who do not know what colonialism is all about and how it begins to argue there is no footage of this act left behind and well written in the wall of all Africa countries today.

Briefly, colonialism is the act by which a superior nation enslaves a less powerful nation and keeps charge of all their, social-economic activities, education, government, and all parastatals and cadre of such nation. It is a well-known fact that most African countries are colonized by the British government. So in our write-up today, we will be writing on the political Impacts Of Colonialism In Africa.


Before we write indecently or read about how the colonization begins, it is, of course, important to know the effects on the structure of Africa, what it meant Africa doing, what it took from Africa, and what it added to Africa as a continent, all of these will be looking into under a refined section.

Negative Effects Of Colonialism In Africa

The bad side that Colonialism added to Africa will be considered in this section

  • Economic impact

Ever since the British colonized Africa nations, there has been a breach in the economy of the nation, the mode of economic operation of the colonial master was different from the one African practices before they were colonized. There are moles in the holes of Africa when it comes to the economy. So many principles were applied which are not relevant to the economic situation of the nation based on topography and the type of economy they operate.

The main negative impact on the economy of Nigeria was slavery. It is true that hundreds of thousands of people were kidnapped and sold as slaves in the new colonies of the world due to colonization; it was a painful experience for so many Nigerian families. There was resource diversion, most of the profits made on the agricultural and other trading done in Africa were all shifted to the taskmaster nation, to develop their nation but give a stipend to the nation they got the resources from.

Also in terms of the agricultural practices that Africa engaged in, they were forced to drop their own practices and their own food cultivation to the foods that were not in the continents earlier to the British nation foods and crops. Some of their view of growing crops were corrupt and some of their seed were carted away to their countries without paying anything in exchange of that.

  • Human Abuse

There was nothing like abuse before the master came on board, but since the masters saw the agility and potentials in Africa men, they were enslaved, maltreated, and used as houseboys and house girls. This trend continues even after independence because some Africa leaders have been introduced into the business. Some ladies are molested even wives are molested right before their husbands; some children were used as a slave. Poor feeding, some were Pearce with a hot iron and were maltreated like non-living objects. Some of the young ladies were used as welcoming gifts to some of the allied countries who came for visiting, some were used to entertain them and some of the men were used on their fathers land as a slave and will work as a farmer inside the farm without eating from the yield.

Africans were subjected to an atmosphere that makes them more cruel and wicked, have more greed and self-centered which was not earlier in place. The teaching and training Africans were given was one of the hardest training. They were used in place of laboratory rats and rattled for practical purposes, some research that needed animal Africans were used and so many other inhuman acts were practiced during the colonization of Africa.

  • Stealing of resources and ancient artifacts.

There are some ancient and historical elements and artifacts that were stolen from Africa countries and taken to the British Museum. Some of their resources were milled, those countries with Gold were exploited, and countries with petroleum, countries good at agricultural products, and many art figures were carted away from Africans. Some even go as far as diverting some of the crafty men from this continent to their countries and are used as a slave without good pay.

There was intellectual robbery; material stealing and generational emolument were deprived. Many of these nations were suffered even for what they can afford. Their written materials were stolen, their education was also changed.

  • Political impact and Affiliation

Most Africa countries were colonized even to the point of their thought and culture. Today we see many Africa countries that cannot exist without the British Government. The total sovereignty a nation should enjoy was no longer there. The political structure of Africa nations was uttered and destroyed. Their traditional way of leading was seen as obsolete and they were given a common government they named democracy. Many of the structured and practices that were seen in most African countries is a similitude to the British country that colonized them. While they were in charge and at the helms of Africa affairs, some of the decision taken was not in favor of Africa, some of the decision is taken without the consent of Africa, some of the decision were not useful to the nation of Africa and some are malicious decision that is still affecting most Africa nation up to today.

  • Technological Effects

The modern ages that were seen all around are as a result of colonization, every farmland was removed, trees that help the environment were fetched, there is massive industrialization which causes most of the health effects we are seeing all around in the countries today. Their natural way and social ways were uttered and were converted to the technological approach which was not so before the colonization of the countries.

Benefits & Positive Effects Of Colonialism in Africa

One can not only write on the negative Impacts Of Colonialism In Africa without looking at eh beneficial aspect of this act. Nevertheless, the negative might be what Africa has not recovered from and might not recover from, but the same thing goes down to the positive aspect of it, it is only reversible if better options come up.

  • Infrastructural Development

Some infrastructures were erected for the use of the colonial master while they stay in most African countries to enjoy their stay in the nation. Railways, seaports, airports, road routes, hospitals, and many other things were raised for the use of white when but the end-user was to the benefit of Africans.

  • Government system

There are better things that were impacted to Africa as a result of the style of governance that was practiced, the act of dialogue, and many other things learned from the British introduced system to Africa countries. There exist unrest and many tribal wars within many African countries before, but the approach the British government introduced helped reduce the rate at which war occurs and proffer peace to many of the issues

  • Educational development

Most African countries are not developed before, some of them are stack illiterates that do not know how to read and write, but the coming of the British pave way for education to a gained historical incident in Africa. Also, much vocational training was formalized, some were restructuring to what it needs to look like, and up to date, it is working well. Many of Africa’s astute readers and professors happened to study in the nation of the colonial masters and were sponsored free of charge during that time.

  • Economy practices

Some of the way to the earnest economy, how to refine produces and how to grow many of the products from Africa countries were introduced which aid import and exporting of goods outside the shore of many Africa countries.

  • Social Development

Many other social activities were also introduced during the colonization period, many social infrastructure and amenities were raised. Like the pipe-borne water, security, and some advancement we see in the social environment today. Also, Christianity has its way and boom during this era to all African countries.


Conclusion On Effects Of Colonialism In Africa – Positives & Negatives

While writing on colonization in Africa, it is evident that in this period binderies were drawn and walls were built in the mind of Africans regarding many factors that come into play and what they know before and what they learned during this era. It was the period of both economic development and at eh same time thorns on eth flesh of all black men. It is evident that the reason, while Africa was colonized by the British, was as a result of the amenities and resources that were present on the shore of Africa. So far so good, we have given you all you need to know about the impact of colonization in Africa both bad and good so let us hear from you.

Tag: Social Effects Of Colonialism In Africa – Positives & Negatives, How Colonialism Affected Africa Development And Economic