List of Non Schengen Countries in Europe (2021)

List of Non-Schengen Countries in Europe: Non-Schengen Countries/states are the countries that are not part of the Schengen agreement established in 1995, the agreement now has a total of 26 member states/countries.

Not all European countries are part of the Schengen states. Some willfully opt-out and others are considering the possibility of joining as some countries have been having negotiations. Thus, in this piece of writing, we’ll be writing on the List of Non-Schengen Countries in Europe. The Non-Schengen countries are the countries that are not part and neither are included in the Schengen agreement established in 1995, the agreement now has a total of 26 member states involved.

List of Non-Schengen Countries in Europe and  Their Capitals

To reiterate, not all European state is part of the Schengen states. Due to one reason or the other, the nations exempted deemed it fit not to participate. Some of these reasons are believed to not be beneficial to them or may put their nation at risk. Thus we have listed the nation that is Non-Schengen Countries even though they are European nations. Therefore, the list of Non-Schengen Countries and their capitals are:

The few European countries that are not part of the Schengen countries are list below :

  • Albania – Tirana
  • Andora – Andora La Vella
  • Armenia – Yerevan
  • Azerbaijan – Baku
  • Belarus – Minsk
  • Bosnia & Herzegovina – Sarajevo
  • Croatia – Zagreb
  • Cyprus – Nicosia
  • Georgia – Tbilisi
  • Ireland – Dublin
  • Kosovo – Pristina
  • North Macedonia – Skopje
  • Moldova – Chisinau
  • Monaco – Monaco
  • Montenegro – Podgorica
  • Romania – Bucharest
  • Russia – Moscow
  • San Marino – San Marino
  • Serbia – Belgrade
  • Turkey – Ankara
  • Ukraine – Kiev
  • The United Kingdom – London
  • Vatican City – Vatican City

Please Note that some of the countries in the list above have an open boarder agreement with most Schengen countries

What are Schengen countries?

Established in 1995, members consisting of 26 states, are the countries in the visa agreement which acknowledges the removal of internal borders among all member states for the free movement of people, services, and goods. It also includes the agreement of common rules for controlling external borders and fighting criminals by strengthening similar judicial systems and cooperation of the police.

As I stated above the participating member states consist of 26 countries

You might be wondering why it is called Schengen. The agreement was established in 1995, the Schengen Area is an area consisting of 26 European countries that have officially aborted the use of passports and all other types of border control at their mutual borders. The area that functions the most as a single jurisdiction for international travel purposes, having a common visa policy. The name of the area originated after the 1985 Schengen Agreement.

Due to the agreement by the countries involved, the visa was called Schengen visa and was signed in Schengen, a small town near Luxembourg, and itis located within the border of both France and Germany. The signing of the agreement took place on the Moselle River, Luxembourg, aboard the ship Princesse Marie-Astrid.

With the recent happenings, update and changes in the EuropeanUnion (EU) due to Brexit, which is the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union. This has aroused a lot of people to be interested in knowing the List of Non-Schengen countries in Europe and those that still remain and European Union member states and the list of countries in the Schengen region

In addition, Twenty-two out of the twenty-eight European Union member states participate in the Schengen Area. Of which six EU nations that are not part of the Schengen Area, four namely Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, and Romania—are legally obliged to join the area, while the other two namely Ireland and the United Kingdom—maintain to opt-out. The four European Free Trade Association (EFTA) member states namely Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland, are not members of the EU states, but both countries have signed agreements in association with the Schengen Agreement. On the other hand, the three European microstates namely Monaco, San Marino, and the Vatican City—are de facto part of the Schengen Area.

The population in the Schengen Area is over 400 million people covering a landmass area of 4,312,099 square kilometers (1,664,911 sq mi) and about 1.7 million people in the Schengen area commute to work across a European border each day, and in some regions, these people constitute up to a third of the workforce. Each year, there are about 1.3 billion crossings of Schengen borders in total which are broken down as 57 million crossings are due to the transport of goods by road, with a value of approximately €2.8 trillion each year. The reduction in the cost of trade due to Schengen agreement varies from 0.42% to 1.59% depending on trade partners, geography, and other factors that may arise. In addition, the countries outside of the Schengen area also do enjoy some benefit and the countries in the Schengen Area have strengthened border controls with non-Schengen countries.

Difference between the European Union and the Schengen Region

There is a vast difference though both the Schengen Area and the European Union comprises of European countries. Basically, the Schengen Area operates as one whole country, meaning that you can travel between the countries without the need for a passport, there are no internal borders, and police of each country work closely with one another.

Meanwhile, the countries in the European Union are still their own distinct countries. They have their own police forces as well as their military, and they enforce their own borders. They simply adhere to all legislature of the European Union. Additionally, Copenhagen criteria are the criteria that a country must meet several economic including political conditions before they can be accepted into the European Union. This is known.

The European Union was established when the Maastricht Treaty was signed in 1993. Presently, there are 28 countries included in the EU, making the total population more than 500 million people. It is important to note, however, that most countries in the Schengen Area are also in the European Union.

Note: that the term “Schengen countries” does not refer to all European Union (EU) member states and includes non-EU countries, such as Liechtenstein that joined December 19, 2011. In addition, the Schengen visas enable individuals or groups from a Schengen area (a particular country in the Schengen area) to travel within the entire Schengen zone, only when the exceptions or exclusions are noted. Peradventure you were granted a non-Schengen or national visa, then you are only allowed passage to some country.

Conditions for joining the Schengen Area

There are conditions given before any country (in Europe) can join the Schengen as agreed. Yes! There are some terms and conditions applied and that must be adhered to strictly to be able to join the Schengen Area and this has been listed below.

  1. It is not merely a political decision for a country to join the Schengen Area. Such countries that want to join must also fulfill a list of pre-conditions, such as be prepared and have the capacity to
  2. Countries that want to join the Schengen area will take responsibility for controlling the external borders on behalf of the other Schengen States as well as for issuing uniform Schengen visas.
  3. Countries that want to join the Schengen area are expected to cooperate with law enforcement agencies in other Schengen countries in order to maintain a high level of security once border controls between Schengen countries are abolished
  4. The so-called “Schengen acquis” known as the common set of Schengen rules apply to all Schengen states, such as controls of land, sea and air borders (airports), issuing of visas, police cooperation and protection of personal data.



There you have the List of Non-Schengen Countries In Europe and now, that you’ve learned something new today, prepare to get your passport or pull out your passport if you already have one and start planning your next European adventure!. Though not all European countries are Schengen Area yet, some do accept Schengen passport to enter their country and some have a restriction. We hope some of these countries will join so that it’d make tourism easier and fun where you are able to visit more than just 36 European states. As earlier stated above, currently there are 26 countries participating member states in the Schengen Area. I wish this can be done on every continent as well. That is all for the ”List of Non-Schengen Countries in Europe“,