This article gives you the list of the top 21 fastest growing cities in Africa currently. Urbanization in Africa has been ongoing for years now and has led to the formation of bustling cities for various factors, the primary two reasons these cities have emerged on the continental map is; high fertility rate and rural-urban migration.
Rural-urban migration is influenced by a million of factors which include employment opportunities, security, the presence of more advanced amenities in the cities, and lots more. Below are the top 21 fastest growing cities in Africa in no particular order;
Top 21 Fastest Growing Cities In Africa 2019
- Dar es Salaam Tanzania
This is the largest city in Tanzania and eastern Africa by population, Dar es Salaam is a regionally important economic centre, the country’s leading financial centre with the Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange (DSE) being the first and most important stock exchange market in the country.
- Nairobi Kenya
Also among the fastest growing cities in Africa, It is the capital and largest city of Kenya. It is famous for having the world’s only game reserve found within a major city named the Nairobi National Park. The Nairobi’s security exchange (NSE) is Africa’s fourth-largest exchange in terms of trading volume and is capable of making about 10 million trades a day.
Nairobi Kenya in our List of Top 21 Fastest Growing Cities in Africa
- Bamako Mali
This is the capital of Mali and also the largest city in the country. In the year 2006 Bamako was the top fastest growing cities in Africa and sixth in the world. Locally manufactured goods in Bamako include textiles, processed meat, metal goods and commercial fishing on the Niger River which have all positively contributed to the economy of the city.
- Kinshasa DRC
DRC’s Kinshasa which is set on the Congo river also makes this list of fastest growing cities in Africa with a growth record of 61 people an hour. This large urban center is top in Africa as numerous trade deals are being carried out in this city.
- Luanda Angola
Luanda is Angola’s capital city and also makes this list with a growth spurt of 34 people per hour. The chief exports from Luanda are coffee, sugar, cotton, diamonds, iron, and salt. The city also has a thriving building industry which has contributed to the economy positively.
- Addis Ababa Ethiopia
Also among the fastest growing cities in Africa, This city is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa has a population of 3,384,569 with an annual growth rate of 3.8% according to the 2007 population census. About 119,197 people in the city are engaged in trade and commerce daily. In the city, various luxury services have become available and the construction of shopping malls has recently increased.
- Abidjan Côte d’Ivoire
This is the economic capital of Ivory Coast which witnesses a high level of industrialization and urbanization. Abidjan is also the most populous French-speaking city in the whole of West Africa.
- Dakar Senegal
This is the capital and major city of Senegal. The position of this city on the western edge of Africa makes Dakar an advantageous departure point for trans-Atlantic and European trade.
- Lagos Nigeria
Lagos, one of the top 21 fastest growing cities in Africa Nigeria’s commercial hub though not the capital city of the country. The small coastal city has a growth spurt of 77 people per hour and is arguably the most populated in the country. The city has the highest GDP, and houses one of the largest and busiest ports in Africa.
- Ibadan Nigeria
Ibadan is the state capital of Oyo State and the most populous city in the state, with a population of over 3 million. Ibadan is the third most populous city in Nigeria. With the cities strategic location on the railway line connecting Lagos to Kano, Ibadan is a major center for trade in cassava, cotton cocoa, timber, rubber, and palm oil. The city also houses big industries.
- Accra Ghana
This is the capital and largest city of Ghana, with an estimated population of 2.27 million as of 2012. Accra is also the economic hub of the Greater Accra Region. Major economic activities in the city include the financial and commercial sectors, fishing, the manufacture of processed food, lumber, textiles, and clothing.
- Kano Nigeria
This is the state capital of Kano State and the commercial nerve center of Northern Nigeria. Kano is the second largest city in Nigeria, with major exports from the city including textile materials, leather, and grains.
- Douala Cameroon
This is the largest city in Cameroon and capital city of Cameroon’s Littoral Region. Douala is the home to Central Africa’s largest port which contributes a lot in making it the commercial and economic capital of Cameroon and the entire CEMAC region
- Alexandria Egypt
This is the second largest city and major economic hub in Egypt. The low elevation of the city on the Nile delta makes it highly vulnerable to rising sea levels. Alexandria’s seaport serves approximately 80% of Egypt’s imports and exports. The city is also an important industrial center because of its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez
- Algiers Algeria
This is the capital and largest city of Algeria. The city’s population was estimated to be around 3,500,000 in the year 2011. This is an important economic, commercial and financial center, the stock exchange of the city has a capitalization of 60 million euros.
- Casablanca Morocco
This is the largest city in Morocco and is located in the central-western part of the country on the Atlantic Ocean. Casablanca is the largest city in the Maghreb, economically and demographically. Top Moroccan companies and international corporations doing business in the country have their headquarters and main industrial facilities in Casablanca.
- Cairo Egypt
Cairo is the capital and largest city of Egypt. Cairo’s metropolitan area is the largest in the Middle East and the Arab world. The economy of Cairo is really strong and was ranked first in the Middle East in the year 2005.
- Durban South Africa
This is the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal and ranks third among the most populous urban areas in South Africa. The city is famous for being the busiest port in South Africa and is also seen as one of the major centres of tourism.
- Johannesburg South Africa
This is the largest city in South Africa and one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world. Johannesburg is the provincial capital of Gauteng, which happens to be the wealthiest province in South Africa, located in the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range of hills and is also the center of large-scale gold and diamond trade.
- Cape Town South Africa
Cape Town is a coastal city in South Africa and the second most populous urban area in the country. Cape Town is also the provincial capital, primate city and the economic hub of the Western Cape Province. The city serves as the regional manufacturing centre in the Western Cape.
- Ouagadougou Burkina Faso
This is the capital of Burkina Faso and the administrative, cultural, communications, and economic centre of the country. It is the country’s largest city, with a population of 1,475,223. Ouagadougou’s major industries are food processing and textiles which have contributed largely to its economic growth.
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