Full details on the list of East African Countries and their capitals. These countries are located in the Eastern region of Africa. All East African countries have a capital city that serves as the administrative center of the country. In most cases, these cities are the busiest and are often considered the backbone of the countries’ economies. It is in these cities that most of the national headquarters of corporations are based. Most companies and financial institutions are also situated in the capital. It is, therefore, crucial to know the cities that you are looking at, especially if you are interested in travelling to any of the countries.

List Of East African Countries And Capitals

Country Capital
Uganda Kampala
Tanzania Dodoma
Sudan Khartoum
Somalia Mogadishu
Rwanda Kigali
Kenya Nairobi
Ethiopia Addis Ababa
Eritrea Asmara
Djibouti Djibouti
Burundi Bujumbura

There you have the full list of the East African Countries as they are numbered to 10, now let’s get to know more about these countries.

  • Burundi (Bujumbura)

The Country of Burundi became an independent country and gained freedom from the Belgium government in the year 1962. This Country tends to have a monarchy system of government as they ruled by a king unlike other countries ruled by presidents or prime ministers in democratic order of Government as of the early 90s, following series of a military coup in the country brought about an end to the monarchy system of government in the country and brought forth the creation of the country as a republic and one-party state in the year 1966. However, following these military coups in the country was an under development in the economy of the country and the rendering majority of its citizens one of the poorest people in the world.

Burundi happens to be a high rural society having only 13 of its total population percent residing in the urban areas as of the year 2013. However, the overall population density of this country is estimated to be about 315 people per square km which is as well equivalent to 753 per square miles as it happens to be the country with the second-highest population in the Sub- Saharan Africa. In the state of Burundi is discovered three major ethnic groups which include the Tutsi ethnic group, Hutu, and Twa, of which the Hutu people have the highest population in the country as they take 85% of the total population, while the Tutsi people take up 25% of the community and lastly, the Two people take less than 1% of the population. The official language in this country is English, French, and Kirundi.

  • Djibouti (Djibouti)

Djibouti is a country in Eastern Africa having its original name as the Capital city. This country gained her independence after her agitation for freedom from her French Colonial master in the year 1977 as they also break away from all other French colonies. Even following their independence, was their active membership with the United Nations alongside the creation of its capital that same year.

Like other African countries, the Djibouti country encounters a series of civil unrest and anxiety in government.  More also, this country also got her first president in the same year of independence which was a man named Hassan Gouled Aptidon, and he ruled the country from the year 1977 till the year 1999. This country serves as a home to a total of 942, 333 inhabitants as they tend to have three official languages made use of in this country which are, Arabic, Somali, and French of which about a 94% of the country’s total population practice Islam and hereby makes use of the Arabic language, meanwhile, the Islam religion happens to be a dominating religion in the country.

  • Eritrea (Asmara)

Eritrea is having her capital city named Asmara become an independent Country or gained her freedom after 30 years of a non-stop struggle for democracy in the year 1991. This country with approximations has a total land area of 117, 600 km2 which is equivalent to 45, 406 square miles. Furthermore, this country happens to be a multi-ethnic state having a total number of the recognized ethnic groups in the country to be nine (9) in her total headcounts of about 5 million inhabitants. The majority of the residents of this country mainly speak languages derived from the Afro-Asiatic family which is either of the Cushitic branches of the Ethiopian Semitic languages.

  • Ethiopia (Addis Ababa)

Ethiopia having her capital city like Addis Ababa is one of the earliest Cities in Africa to acquire freedom from the old colonial masters. The Colonia masters dominating this part were notably the Italian masters of which they evacuated the mighty city of Ethiopia in the year 1947, and the Country was free to collaborate with other European countries to build up the United Nations after the occurrence of the Second World War. This country happens to be the most populous non-coastal country in the world and also Africa’s second-most populous country with a population of over 102 million inhabitants. This great country once practiced a monarchy system of government, but later on, after a series of revolutions in the country, the state now exercises a democratic system of government.

  • Kenya (Nairobi)

This Country was notably named after or got her name from a widely known mountain in the country which is “Mount Kenya.” The Kenya Country acquired freedom or gained her independence from their early Great Britain Colonial Masters in the year 1963. Kenyan is a country with a total of 47 states as it has Nairobi as her Capital city; these states are bound to rule after being elected.

This East Africa Country occupies a total land space of 580, 367 square kilometers which as well equivalent to 224, 081 square miles which makes the country (Kenya) take the 48th position in the world ranking of countries with the largest geographical area.  This country in total has over 52.2 million people who make Kenya, the 27th country with the most population.

  • Rwanda (Kigali)

Rwanda happens to be one of the African smallest countries on the African mainland. Before the independence of this country, she was colonized by two different European Countries which are Germany and Belgium, but later on, in the year 1959 revolted against her colonial masters of which led to their freedom. This Country’s inhabitants or residents originated from just one ethnolinguistic group known as the Banyarwanda, Although, inside this group is discovered three subgroups which are the Tutsi, Hutu, and Twa.  In this country, the dominating religion widely practiced is Christianity as they have their primary language as Kinyarwanda which happens to be a widely spoken language by the majority of the Rwanda inhabitants.

  • Somalia (Mogadishu)

Speaking of the East African Countries and Capitals, we also speak of Somalia as it is included in the list of East African countries; this country has its Capital as Mogadishu, as they are located in the Horn of Africa.  This country gained her independence in the year 1960 following the agreement between British Somaliland and the protectorate of Italy to establish a united entity. The Country of Somalia is inhabited by resident’s population ranging up to 14.3 million. An interesting fact about this country is that the country is a homogenous country having just a language, culture, and religion as it stands to be the only country with such practice (Homogenous Country).

  • Sudan (Khartoum)

This country gained freedom in the year 1953, following their independence, self-government in the country was announced on the 1st of January, 1956, and following this was series of unstable parliamentary rule in the country as well as a military rule. This Country happens to be a home to over 37 million inhabitants as it occupies 1, 861, 484 Km2 of the earth land which is as well equivalent to 718, 722 square miles which has made Sudan the third-largest country in the whole of Africa.

  • Tanzania (Dodoma)

The Country of Tanzania was carved out of two amalgamated entities which are Tanganyika and the Zanzibar Archipelago as they came to be one after their freedom from Germany in the year 1961 and the year 1963 respectively.

  • Uganda (Kampala)

Uganda is a country that suffered the colonization from Great Britain but gained freedom on the 9th day of October 1962, and following their independence is “Unstable Government,” “Civil Wars” and anxiety leading to consecutive loss of lives and properties. This Country notably has two official languages which are Swahili and English, aside from that, Luganda is known as the Central language for this country.



The East African countries discussed above are all rightly acknowledged East African countries as stated by the UN. However, these countries are all noted to currently practice a democratic system of government of which some are favorable to the country while some are not. Well, there you have what you requested for the “List of East African Countries with their Capitals.”