Health Issues in Nigeria
This article discusses the health issues in Nigeria which are majorly child mortality, maternal mortality, HIV/AIDs, cancer, tuberculosis and malaria. Nigeria is currently working towards achieving the set targets of the Millennium Development Goals and the targets include a set reduction in the major health issues in Nigeria .
The target for the reduction in child mortality rate is under age five deaths per 1,000 live births to 71, and an increase measles immunisation to 100 per cent (measles immunisation is a sure way to reduce child mortality). The figures as of now currently stands at under age five mortality per 1,000 live births to 124 deaths and measles immunisation is currently at 42 per cent. There is a lot of improvement needed to be made in that sector to reduce the child mortality rate in the country.
Based on the data released by UN agencies / world bank, there is still a lot of efforts needed to reduce the maternal mortality rate in Nigeria. Part of the goal set to reduce the maternal mortality rate in Nigeria stipulates that 100 per cent of births in the country must be attended by a skilled health professional, but due to so many factors ranging from lack of funds to pay a professional, inadequacy of health care and lots more in the country this goals seems a long way from being attained.
The number of malaria related death have seen some significant reduction in the country since the year 2007, this can be attributed to the availability of anti malaria drugs across the country and also distribution of malaria treated nets to people.
Efforts are being made to reduce the vertical transmission of HIV infection and also mother to child transmission. This is being attained by regular sensitisation and also free HIV/AIDS test in various centers in Nigeria.
The ministry of health have been doing everything possible to tackle the incidence of drug resistant TB and extremely drug resistant TB which seemed to be on the increase in the country.
Cases of cancer has been on the rise in Nigeria in recent years and it is gradually becoming a major health issue in the country. NGOs and the Ministry of Health have been doing all possible to sensitize the general public on the threat cancer poses on the life’s of every individual. Prostate and breast cancer are the most common cancer cases in Nigeria.
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