Nigeria got her independence on October 1, 1960, and has indeed come a long way. Nigeria is home to a diverse culture, beliefs, and tradition, each unique in its own way, adding to the beauty and colour of the country. However, the country has witnessed violence in its various forms; religion, ethnic and the likes. These acts of violence have resulted to the destruction of lives and property. Violence is caused by a number of factors. We would list the Violence in Nigeria: Top Ten Problems and Causes.
TOP 10 CAUSES OF VIOLENCE IN NIGERIA
This is one of the main causes of violence in Nigeria. When ethnic groups disagree over which group is superior over the others, when nepotism exists in places of employment and in academic institutions, this may result to violence.
Embezzlement of public funds by politicians without proper punishment incites violence by the masses. When the funds meant to bring about development and hence, improve the standard of living of the citizens are siphoned by greedy individuals, the people become agitated and often turn to violence to express their anger.
An idle mind, they say, is the devil’s workshop. Idle youths are often used as tools by certain individuals to carry out acts of violence.
Many people live in ignorance and do not bother to get clarification on controversial issues. They prefer to act on what they hear and are ready to go into violent act at the slightest opportunity.
Poor people are also used as viable tools for violence by the elite individuals wishing to create conflict. They are enticed with monetary gifts, food, houses and the likes if they do the bidding of their patrons.
6. POLITICAL INSTABILITY
From the time of independence, the Nation has gone through various ‘trial and error’ types of government, ranging from military to civilian rule. The failure of the government to deliver according to expectation leads to violence in Nigeria .
7. POOR ECONOMY
When the economy is poor, the level of poverty, unemployment and the likes are on the rise and violence may be unavoidable in this case.
8. RELIGIOUS SENTIMENTS
When one religious group sees itself as superior to other types of religion, violence is imminent. Religious crises are very common, especially in the northern parts of the country.
9. INEQUITY AND INJUSTICE
The prevalence of injustice and unfair treatment of the common man based on the fact that he is not wealthy or powerful enough incites violence among the masses in a bid to fight for justice.
Many are made to view people from other tribal groups or religion as evil or inferior. They are basically brought up to become fanatics and consequently, key players in acts of violence.
PROBABLE SOLUTIONS TO VIOLENCE IN NIGERIA
To mitigate violence in Nigeria, the following should be done;
The public should be sensitized on the importance of unity in the country, united we stand, divided, we fall. People should be made aware of the importance of finding out the truth on controversial issues before taking any action.
2. JUSTICE AND EQUITY
The government should ensure that everyone is treated with respect and individual rights are upheld regardless of religion or tribe. There should be proper modes of punishment for politicians or any individual that embezzle public funds.
3. JOB CREATION
The government should view job creation as top priority. The youths should be encouraged to be entrepreneurs through various incentives such as loans in a bid to reduce the level of unemployment and consequently rising poverty levels.
Instead of violence that brings about the destruction of lives and property, roundtable discussions and peaceful protests should be done.
5. VIBRANT GOVERNMENT
The presence of a vibrant system of governance that involves the active participation of its citizens in decision making and formulation of policies regardless of tribe or religion goes a long way in reducing acts of violence.
When all these solutions are taken into consideration violent acts can be prevented from occurring in the nearest future.
That’s all about causes of violence in Nigeria and solutions