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Brief History of Education in Nigeria

Brief History of Education in Nigeria

Nigeria is the most populous black nation in the world, located in West Africa, bordered by Republic of Benin on the west, Niger on the north, northeast by Chad and east by Cameroon.

brief history of education in nigeria

Brief History of Education in Nigeria

Nigeria is blessed with a lot of ethnic group; Yoruba, Hausa and Igbo being the most recognized
The system of education in Nigeria (Primary) is called Universal Basic Education (UBE) which is a replacement of the Universal Primary Education (UPE) in order to improve the first nine years of schooling.
which include the 6 years primary education and
The formal education system in Nigeria includes:
6 years of primary schooling
3 years of junior secondary schooling
3 years of senior secondary schooling, and
4 years of university education, finally directing toward a bachelor’s level degree in the majority of the subjects.
The annual term of school in Nigeria is ten months, and is sectioned into three ten- to twelve-week periods, each at the pre-primary, primary, junior and senior secondary stages.

History of Education in Nigeria

Prior to the arrival of western education in Nigeria, education has been informal majorly from the family and immediate society, where children are taught about culture, social activities and work. These educational activities made up for majority of what the upcoming ones learn.
The entrance of the Europeans into Nigeria, brought along European western Education in the 1840s. In the western part of the country western education was encouraged by the Missionaries.
The Northern part of Nigeria, majorly populated by Muslims, western education was prohibited giving way to Islamic school that focused primarily on Islamic education.

Related: Local Government Administration in Nigeria (Problems and Prospect)

Prior to Nigeria’s Independence, Only two Established Post Secondary Institution were available, Yaba Higher College (Now Yaba College of Technology founded in 1934) and the University of Ibadan, founded in 1948.

Post Independence brought about the major development of education in Nigeria, with increase in the number of primary, secondary schools, teachers college and Polytechnics and Universities.

The cost of Tertiary education is constantly on the increase and the educational system is in need of improvement and innovation to move it forward from the current state.

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